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Pulse Waveform and Transcranial Doppler Analysis during Lower Body Negative Pressure

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Interim rept. Jan-Oct 92,

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The use of lower body negative pressure LBNP as an acceleration pre-conditioning technique for space applications was investigated. The purpose of this study was to evaluate changes in cephalic blood flow during LBNP. The intent was to see if detection or warning of impending syncope was possible, and to simulate effects which occur under exposure to Gz. Ten subjects underwent the following LBNP profile while in a standing position Five minutes of baseline at ambient pressure, followed by increments of -10 mm Hg every three minutes to a minimum of -50 mm Hg. They remained at -50 mm Hg for a maximum of twenty minutes or until presyncopal symptoms occurred. An additional five minutes of post-LBNP baseline data were collected. The analog pulse waveform, obtained from a pulse oximeter sensor located approximately at eye level on the subjects ear lobe. The pulse waveform analysis included pulse area, amplitude, and duration. Other physiological variables included middle cerebral artery blood flow velocity using transcranial Doppler TCD sonography, and oxygen saturation obtained from a pulse oximeter. Six of the ten subjects experienced presyncopal symptoms during the LBNP profile. Significant changes were observed in several variables at the presyncopal endpoint and included pulse waveform area P0.0048, pulse waveform amplitude P0.0236, cerebral artery blood flow velocity P0.0001, and cerebral artery pulsatility index P0.0357. Lower body negative Pressure, Pre-syncope, Oxygen saturation, Transcranial doppler, Pulse oximetry, Pulse waveform.

Subject Categories:

  • Acoustic Detection and Detectors
  • Radiofrequency Wave Propagation

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