Accession Number:

ADA273774

Title:

Shock Wave Interaction with L-Shaped Structures

Descriptive Note:

Master's thesis,

Corporate Author:

AIR FORCE INST OF TECH WRIGHT-PATTERSON AFB OH SCHOOL OF ENGINEERING

Personal Author(s):

Report Date:

1993-12-01

Pagination or Media Count:

104.0

Abstract:

This study investigated the interaction of shock waves with L-shaped structures using the CTH hydrodynamics code developed by Sandia National Laboratories. Computer models of shock waves traveling through air were developed using techniques similar to shock tube experiments. Models of L-shaped buildings were used to determine overpressures achieved by the reflecting shock versus angle of incidence of the shock front. An L-shaped building model rotated 45 degrees to the planar shock front produced the highest reflected overpressure of 9.73 atmospheres in the corner joining the two wings, a value 9.5 times the incident overpressure of 1.02 atmospheres. The same L-shaped building was modeled with the two wings separated by 4.24 meters to simulate an open courtyard. This open area provided a relief path for the incident shock wave, creating a peak overpressure of only 4.86 atmospheres on the buildings wall surfaces from the same 1.02 atmosphere overpressure incident shock wave.

Subject Categories:

  • Structural Engineering and Building Technology
  • Fluid Mechanics

Distribution Statement:

APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE