Accession Number:

ADA273730

Title:

A Methodology to Assess the Impact of the Global Positioning System on Air Combat Outcomes

Descriptive Note:

Master's thesis,

Corporate Author:

AIR FORCE INST OF TECH WRIGHT-PATTERSON AFB OH SCHOOL OF ENGINEERING

Personal Author(s):

Report Date:

1993-12-01

Pagination or Media Count:

72.0

Abstract:

The Air Force has a requirement to quantify the force enhancement effects of military space systems, but no methodology currently exists for the measurement of their contribution to air combat outcome. This research examines the Global Positioning System GPS and models its influence on air-to-ground combat. The decision analysis technique of influence diagrams is used to identify the effects of GPS launch decisions and constellation size on the navigation accuracy available to air combatants. The effect of accuracy variations on combat outcome is shown by using a value tree to identify the affected campaign Measures of Effectiveness. The study reveals that the use of GPS for navigation and weapons guidance results in a significant increase in sortie lethality that depends on the actual probabilities of survival, engagement, and kill for various weapon, platform, and target combinations. Also, the simultaneous loss of several GPS satellites is shown to have only a moderate time-averaged effect on navigation and combat outcome in the Northeast and Southwest Asia theaters. The methodology presented can be adapted to the study of other military space systems.

Subject Categories:

  • Military Operations, Strategy and Tactics
  • Navigation and Guidance

Distribution Statement:

APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE