Overview of Army Tactical Planning Performance Research
ARMY RESEARCH INST FOR THE BEHAVIORAL AND SOCIAL SCIENCES ALEXANDRIA VA
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Essential elements of superior war fighting include tactical planning and battle command. This report reviews research on the human dimension of tactical planning. By aggregating what is known about human styles and capabilities, the Army will be better able to enhance battle command performance. Available research is reviewed and organized into 10 categories. Individual difference research is reviewed that addresses level of expertise, rank, military student populations, and cognitive ability. Findings on the estimate procedures include failure to follow procedures, imprecise procedures, inflexibility of procedures, and excessive time demands. Management of the process covers lack of involvement of staff and commander and poor process management. Information exchange discusses problems in information use, presenting plans to the commander, and communicating interpretations. Battle success relates procedural performance to outcome measures. The other categories address the functions performed in the command and control C2 cycle. Command and control, Task procedures, Human performance, Command estimate, Staff operations, Decision aids.
- Administration and Management