Foundations for Measuring the Development and Emergence of Leadership Behavior
Interim rept. Sep 1991-Dec 1992
VIRGINIA MILITARY INST LEXINGTON
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This report provides an overview of previous models of leadership and describes how work on transformational and transactional leadership complements and extends those previous models. A brief critique of previous leadership conceptualizations is provided. The measurement methods used in the past and their strengths and weaknesses are described. Additionally, the steps taken to develop construct valid leadership measurement approaches to be used in measuring a full range of leadership are discussed. Of particular relevance are three developments 1 A model that goes beyond earlier taxonomies of leadership e.g., task vs. relationship orientation and covers the full range of leadership 2 A critical incident methodology and categorization scheme that can be used to assess the full range of leadership behavior qualitatively and 3 A behavior observation methodology that can be used to record incidents of leadership in many other settings. The model of leadership developed in this study does not rely on only one paradigm. It emphasizes the transformational- transactional continuum, but also includes components of earlier models. Included in this full range model are transformational and transactional behavior, contingent and noncontingent punishment, initiation of structure and consideration, and managerial decision styles ranging from highly directive to delegative.
- Administration and Management
- Personnel Management and Labor Relations