How Has Saddam Hussein Survived? Economic Sanctions, 1990-1993
NATIONAL DEFENSE UNIV WASHINGTON DC
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Sanctions have lately become a mechanism of choice for addressing international disputes-but do they work In its first 45 years, the Security Council of the United Nations U.N. had imposed sanctions only twice-on Rhodesia in 1966 and on South Africa in 1977. Then in August 1991 the Security Council put comprehensive sanctions on Iraq Resolution 661. These were followed in 1991-92 by arms embargoes on the republics of the former Yugoslavia Resolution 713, September 1991 and Somalia Resolution 733, January 1992. That spring Libya was put under an arms embargo, a ban on aircraft flights, and a requirement to reduce diplomatic staff Resolution 748, March 1992. The sanctions against Yugoslavia consisting then only of Serbia and Montenegro were widened to include many economic and financial transactions Resolution 757, May 1992, and Resolution 787, November 1992. Even the Organization of American States, for the first time in its history, imposed sanctions-on Haiti in October 1991.
- Personnel Management and Labor Relations
- Unconventional Warfare
- Escape, Rescue and Survival