SUPERDUCK Beach Sediment Sample Experiment: Beach Profile Change and Foreshore Sediment Dynamics
COASTAL ENGINEERING RESEARCH CENTER VICKSBURG MS
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The purpose of the SUPERDUCK Beach Sediment Sample Experiment was to study beach response to storm waves. Data were collected during an 11-day experiment influenced by two extratropical storms. Daily beach profiles were surveyed along four lines to give a three-dimensional picture of beach response. Surface sediment samples were collected at the berm, upper swash, and lower swash to examine daily grain size distribution changes. Wave data collection from a wave gage located in 8 m of water provided changes i wave height and period during the two storms. The foreshore exhibited progressive daily erosion during the first 5 days of the experiment as the first storm event waned. The last 6 days showed a progressive accretion on the foreshore, even under the influence of the second storm. Most variability in daily sediment grain size distribution occurred in the upper swash, a zone of both uprush and backwash influence. Berm samples were finer and better sorted, deposited at the area of maximum uprush. Lower swash samples were coarser and more poorly sorted as the backwash interacted with incoming surf bores. Behavior of the foreshore was partially independent of waves as nearshore bathymetry appeared to play a dominant role in the erosion and accretion pattern.
- Physical and Dynamic Oceanography
- Hydrology, Limnology and Potamology