The Development of Social Climate Measures from the 1991/1992 Surveys of Total Army Military Personnel (STAMP): Scale Construction and Initial Validation
Final rept. Jun-Sep 1992
BATTELLE MEMORIAL INST RESEARCH TRIANGLE PARK NC
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The 19911992 Surveys of Total Army Military Personnel STAMP collected a wide range of information from Army military personnel on active duty and in the reserve components. This research report describes a systemic effort to derive a set of scales, with adequate psychometric properties, from a subset of 46 questions from the STAMP which deal with such issues as morale, group cohesiveness, stress, and perceived competence, i.e., a response domain that corresponds roughly to what has been referred to as social climate indicators Futterman, Orlandi, and Schinke, 1991a, 1991b. The strategy that was followed was first to identify potential scales through factor analysis using the data from the sample of enlisted active-duty soldiers, determine the adequacy of their internal-structural properties, and then cross-validate the findings on the STAMP data collected from the active-duty officer sample. The result was a total of nine scales Horizontal Cohesion, Vertical Cohesion, Social Support in Group, Perceptions of Work, Adequacy of Meeting Personal Needs, Satisfaction-Boredom, Identification with the Army, Stress and Worry, and Personal Efficacy. A final step was to provide initial evidence for the construct validity of two of the scales.... Identification, Measurement, Army satisfaction, Social climate, Morale, Personnel efficacy, Psychometrics, Stress Scale construction, Cohesion.
- Personnel Management and Labor Relations