Nutritional Needs in Hot Environments-Applications for Military Personnel in Field Operations
NATIONAL ACADEMY OF SCIENCES WASHINGTON DC
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The Committee on Military Nutrition Research CMNR of the Food and Nutrition Board FNB, Institute of Medicine IOM, National Academy of Sciences NAS, was asked by the Division of Military Nutrition, U.S. Army Institute of Environmental Medicine USARIEM, U.S. Army Medical Research and Development Command USARMRDC, to review current research pertaining to nutrient requirements for working in hot environments and to comment on how this information might be applied to military nutrient standards and military rations. The committee was thus tasked with providing a thorough review of the literature in this area and with interpreting these diverse data in terms of military applications. In addition to a focus on specific nutrient needs in hot climates, the committee was asked to consider factors that might change food intake patterns and therefore overall calories. The CMNR was presented with this problem as a direct result of the movement of the Armed Forces into Saudi Arabia in Operation Desert Shield in the autumn of 1990 the committee was organizing the workshop that resulted in this report while the American Armed Forces were actively engaged in Operation Desert Storm in early 1991. Although concern for adequate nutrition for U.S. soldiers in Saudi Arabia prompted the initiation of this project, its scope was defined as including the nutrient needs of individuals who may be actively working in both hot-dry and hot-moist climates.
- Personnel Management and Labor Relations
- Medicine and Medical Research
- Stress Physiology