Disaster Assistance: Federal, State, and Local Responses to Natural Disasters Need Improvement
GENERAL ACCOUNTING OFFICE WASHINGTON DC RESOURCES COMMUNITY AND ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT DIV
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Hurricane Hugo, which struck the U.S. Virgin Islands, Puerto Rico, and the Carolinas in September 1989, and Californias Loma Prieta earthquake, which occurred in October 1989, caused multibillion-dollar damages and hardship for hundreds of thousands of people. These two major disasters represented an unprecedented challenge in the extent of damage and demands for staff and other resources for the Federal Emergency Management Agency FEMA, which is charged with coordinating federal disaster assistance. Concerned about the timeliness, efficiency, and coordination of the federal response, several Members of Congress asked GAO to examine how FEMA and other federal agencies carried out their responsibilities. To respond to these requests, GAO reviewed federal, state, and local emergency management activities in California, North Carolina, Puerto Rico, South Carolina, and the Virgin Islands.
- Safety Engineering