Workers at Risk: Increased Numbers in Contingent Employment Lack Insurance, Other Benefits
GENERAL ACCOUNTING OFFICE WASHINGTON DC HUMAN RESOURCES DIV
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This report summarizes our analysis of data from the Bureau of the Census, the Bureau of Labor Statistics BLS, and the Internal Revenue Service IRS. We supplemented our analysis with information from published studies and interviews with federal and state officials, employers, union representatives, and labor analysts. In the past, nearly all employed Americans worked full-time for a single employer, but that pattern is changing. Many workers currently are employed in part-time, temporary, contract, and other types of flexible work arrangements. To describe these nontraditional employment relationships, some labor analysts use the term contingent employment. Some definitions of contingent work include, besides the groups listed above, the self-employed, leased employees, and workers in the business services sector.
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