Learning and Individual Differences: An Ability/Information-Processing Framework for Skill Acquisition
Final rept. 1 Aug 1989-31 Jan 1993
MINNESOTA UNIV MINNEAPOLIS DEPT OF PSYCHOLOGY
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This final report reviews a program of theoretical and empirical research focusing on the ability determinants of individual differences in skill acquisition. An integrative framework for information processing and cognitive ability determinants of skills is reviewed, along with principles for ability- skill relations. In addition to a review of previous theory and data, experimental manipulations are used to evaluate the cognitive ability demands associated with information processing parameters of skilled performance. Experiments described here include basic information processing noun-pair lookup task and complex problem solving decision making terminal radar approach control simulation task -TRACON. Generalization and applications to the public sector development of an ability-based selection battery for Federal Aviation Administration air traffic controllers is described briefly. Finally, new theoretical and empirical developments regarding the construct of intelligence-as-typical-performance, and general personality-ability relations are described. Learning, Individual differences, Cognitive abilities, Intelligence, Skill acquisition, Information processing.