CTD Observations on the North Brazil Shelf During A Multidisciplinary Amazon Shelf SEDiment Study (AMASSEDS)
WOODS HOLE OCEANOGRAPHIC INSTITUTION MA
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Hydrographic CTD and acoustic Doppler current profiler ADCP observations were made on the North Brazil shelf adjacent to the mouth of the Amazon River. These observations were obtained during a large-scale survey on Leg 3 in support of geological and geochemical sampling, and during a frontal zone survey on Leg 4 consisting of 14 and 26 hourly CTD casts at anchored stations. The maximum sampling depth at each station was within two meters of the bottom. The primary objectives of the AMASSEDS hydrographic measurement program were a to observe and characterize the temperature, salinity, density, oxygen, fluorescence and light transmission fields and their spatial variability on the North Brazilian shelf directly influenced by the Amazon River discharge, b to resolve the seaward extent and vertical structure of the surface plume of low salinity Amazon River water during different stages of river discharge, c to describe the spatial structure of the turbidity and associated suspended sediment distributions across the shelf, d to characterize the properties of the Amazon shelf water beneath the surface plume and their seasonal variability, and e to describe the landward penetration of the North Brazil Current with respect of water properties and shelf currents.
- Physical and Dynamic Oceanography
- Hydrology, Limnology and Potamology