Predicting Target Detection Performance Using the Armed Services Vocational Aptitude Battery Subtests and Cognitive Factor Tests
Final rept. Jul 1990-Jan 1991
ARMY RESEARCH INST FOR THE BEHAVIORAL AND SOCIAL SCIENCES ALEXANDRIA VA
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For this research, a simulation of a remotely piloted vehicle RPV Sensor Station Operator situation was created in which soldiers who had completed initial training were required to seek and report targets-that appeared on a black and white TV screen. Targets were military vehicles, buildings, and other manmade objects that appeared in 90 of 1,440 photos taken from a helicopter flying over and near Fort Sill, OK. When transferred to videotape these photos appeared for 4.5 seconds, with a 15-second dark period between views. This process resulted in a 2-hour presentation that appeared to be an uninterrupted overflight. Subjects were also given six cognitive tests representing three cognitive factors speed of closure, flexibility of closure, and perceptual speed, and ASVAB subtests were obtained and biographic information was collected. The speed of closure, measured by the Gestalt completion, Concealed Words, and Snowy Pictures tests--all of which are significantly correlated --and several biographic items correlated beyond the p.05 level, but ASVAB test scores did not significantly correlate. Target detection, Perception.
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