Eisen voor Buitenbeelden van Voertuigsimulatoren: Een Literatuurstudie (Use of Exterior Pictures in Vehicle Simulators: A Literature Survey)
INSTITUTE FOR PERCEPTION RVO-TNO SOESTERBERG (NETHERLANDS)
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In the following, the term vehicle simulator includes flight, driving, and ship simulators, in use for training or research. In order to transfer knowledge, acquired on a vehicle simulator, to the control of a real vehicle, the quality of simulation of images from the outside world has to meet certain criteria. Perfectly imitating the real world is not required in general. In this report, the requirements to be made to the images shown in vehicle simulators are founded as well as possible, taking into account the type of simulated vehicle and the tasks to be performed in the simulator. The literature consulted deals with the properties of the human visual system and with the visual information used by vehicle operators. Incorporated are studies of performance or quasi-transfer of training, in relation to image properties. A large number of image features is treated per chapter. In addition to physical properties, related primarily to image presentation, attention has been paid to image content. Attempts were made to formulate explicit conclusions, per feature and task type, on the required level of reproduction, taking into account the desired validity of simulation. Many of the features treated apply exclusively to Computer Generated Images CGI some apply also to video-modelboard image systems. For some features there was a paucity of information, therefore these features had to be treated incompletely. The report culminates into a tabulated summary of quality requirements, separating out critical and non-critical tasks. In a closing regard, the difficulty to speak in general terms on image properties required for training and research is indicated. Suggestions for further research are given. It is stressed that working with simulators demands a large investment in expertise, technique, and organization.
- Military Aircraft Operations
- Surface Transportation and Equipment
- Test Facilities, Equipment and Methods
- Humanities and History