Accession Number:

ADA256976

Title:

Synthesis of Polybenzimidazoles from Monomers Containing Flexible Linkages

Descriptive Note:

Master's thesis

Corporate Author:

OREGON STATE UNIV CORVALLIS

Personal Author(s):

Report Date:

1992-05-13

Pagination or Media Count:

84.0

Abstract:

Polybenzimidazoles were synthesized from 3, 3, 4, 4- tetraminobiphenyl diaminobenzidine, or DAB with orthoesters, carboxylic acid derivatives an ester and an acid and with m-benzenedialdehyde. The products were of low molecular weight, as evidenced by low inherent viscosity, except in the case of the dialdehyde plus DAB. The product of that system had inherent viscosities in the range of 0.7 dLg, and formed strong, flexible films. Based on these results, a dialdehyde monomer was made from naphthalene disulfonyl dihalides and p-hydroxybenzaldehyde. In addition to the aldehyde end groups, this monomer contained internal sulfonate linkages, which were intended to increase the flexibility of the target polybenzimidazole which resulted when it was condensed with DAB. These polymerizations yielded poor poly-benzimidazoles, probably due to lack of purity of the new dialdehyde monomer. Another type of monomer was also produced by condensing DAB with p-hydroxybenzaldehyde. The resultant bibenzimidazole unit with two phenolic end groups shows promise for use in nucleophilic aromatic substitution polymerizations.

Subject Categories:

  • Organic Chemistry
  • Physical Chemistry
  • Polymer Chemistry

Distribution Statement:

APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE