Physical and Dynamic Properties of Sea Ice in the Polar Oceans
COLD REGIONS RESEARCH AND ENGINEERING LAB HANOVER NH
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This monograph provides a current review of the state of knowledge of the growth, properties, and small- and large-scale behavior of sea ice found in the polar oceans of the northern and southern hemispheres. A major focus of the report is to contrast and compare the physical and dynamic properties of ice found in the Arctic seas with those found in the seas surrounding the Antarctic continent. Very significant differences in the physical and dynamic properties of the ice are shown to exist that derive directly from differences in land-sea relationships between the two polar regions and their effect on ocean-atmosphere interaction and oceanic circulation. The same factors also determine, to a large degree, major differences in the seasonal distribution and extent of sea ice in the Arctic and Antarctic oceans. Energy balance, Ice growth, Ridging, Ice dynamics, Ice structure, Salinity, Ice extent, Polar oceans, Sea ice.
- Snow, Ice and Permafrost