Legitimacy and Hafez Al-Asad
Master's thesis Nov 1970-May 1992
NAVAL POSTGRADUATE SCHOOL MONTEREY CA
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It has, been taken for granted that Hafez al-Asad relies exclusively upon an iron fist to perpetuate the survival of his regime. Close scrutiny of Asads presidency, however, betrays the inadequacy of this explanation. In fact, Syrias conflict with Israel is the primary legitimizing agent for Asads minority-Alawi regime, and it is because of this conflict that Asads regime has endured. Consequently, the absence of a militant confrontation with Israel poses risks which the present Syrian leadership has been unwilling to assume. Furthermore, this condition acts as a restraint upon certain types of foreign policy activities and initiatives which Asad might otherwise elect to pursue. The reality of Israels legitimizing function has specific relevance to U.S. foreign policy vis-a-vis both Syria and Israel, particularly regarding the peace process. Hafez al-Asad, Syria, Israel, Baath party, Pan-Arabism, Palestinians, 1973 War, Golan Heights, Muslim Brethren, Lebanon, Gulf crisis.
- Government and Political Science
- Personnel Management and Labor Relations