Design for Tactical Situation Awareness Display
CHARLES RIVER ANALYTICS INC CAMBRIDGE MA
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Because of continuing advances in on-board sensors, computers, and displays, we can expect to see significant growth in the amount of information presented to rotorcraft crews by next-generation tactical situation displays. If unchecked, this growth will easily exceed the crews capability for dealing with the available on-board information base in a timely and effective fashion. A range of technologies are now being proposed to provide appropriate levels of information management and situation awareness, ranging from hardware upgrades like touch screen displays, to advanced computing horsepower to support multi- sensor data fusion, to new AI technologies including export systems like Pilots Associate. The problem, however, is not that there is a dearth of candidate technologies rather it is that we have no reliable means for evaluating them in terms of the fundamental situation awareness they afford the crew. What is called for is an objective metric for evaluating the awareness level provided a crew by a new cockpit technology, and a rational means for using this metric in a structured methodology involving 1 identification of mission-specific tactical informational requirements 2 generation of candidate display formats and symbologies and 3 metric-based evaluation of afforded situation awareness.
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