Final rept. Jan-Jun 1991
INSTITUTE FOR DEFENSE ANALYSES ALEXANDRIA VA
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Portability enables interactive courseware ICW and associated application programs to operate on computer-based systems other than the ones on which they are developed. It will increase sharing of ICW across a range of instructional settings within military Services, and across internationally allied military Services. The Department of Defense DoD has advocated and implemented a standard for ICW development employing a virtual device interface that currently incorporates specified commands organized into service groups for 1 system management, 2 visual management, 3 videodisc control, and 4 XY-input devices. This approach, now specified in MIL-STD-1379D and DoD instruction 1322.20, provides for system-level courseware portability. Future work will expand the standard to 1 encompass more varieties of ICW, 2 address portability at the device level, 3 address new technological opportunities, 4 better address graphics, 5 encompass more operating systems, and 6 progress from platform independence to authoring software independence. The DoD portability initiative will lower the per-unit costs of ICW, lower instructional system development costs, increase use of advanced instructional technology in military settings, and increase instructional efficiency in the military Services.
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