Accession Number:

ADA255854

Title:

Bootstrap Decision Making for Polygraph Examinations

Descriptive Note:

Final rept.

Corporate Author:

NORTH DAKOTA UNIV GRAND FORKS DEPT OF PSYCHOLOGY

Personal Author(s):

Report Date:

1992-08-24

Pagination or Media Count:

38.0

Abstract:

The authors examined human numerical evaluation, discriminant analysis, and a bootstrap approach to decision making in the psychophysiological detection of deception with the control question test. The data for these analyses were obtained from the Utah Cooperative Working Group Database and consisted of 100 innocent and 100 guilty subjects of mock crime experiments. They found statistically equivalent performance for the three approaches. However, it should be noted that the human evaluators used in this study were not representative of the average polygraph examiner, and the human evaluation data reported here are likely to have substantially overestimated the accuracy of human numerical evaluation in the field. Taken in that context, the performance of the statistical classifiers should be viewed very favorably. In absolute terms, the bootstrap approach outperformed the other two approaches. As compared to discriminant analysis, the bootstrap has much to recommend it. It avoids the restrictive mathematical assumptions of discriminant analysis, and since it is not tied to any empirical standardization sample, the bootstrap approach is likely to be widely generalizable. The authors conclude that statistical decision making has come of age in the detection of deception and should see universal applications in the field in the near future.

Subject Categories:

  • Psychology
  • Statistics and Probability
  • Cybernetics

Distribution Statement:

APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE