Exposure Standard for Fog Oil
Technical rept. Dec 1989-Nov 1990
ARMY BIOMEDICAL RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT LAB FORT DETRICK MD
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Effects of mineral oils in animals and humans are evaluated and serve as the basis for the development of an exposure standard for fog oil. Considered are health hazards associated with fox oil purchased before and after the Military Specification was amended in April 1986 to exclude carcinogens. While repeated exposure to conventionally-refined mineral oils may cause pulmonary disease as well as severe dermatoses and cancer of the skin and scrotum, lipoid pneumonia is the major health hazard associated with highly refined mineral oils such as fog oils purchased after April 1986. While the course of lipoid pneumonia can be asymptomatic In some Individuals, In others its symptoms can range from occasional cough to severe, debilitating dyspnea and pulmonary illness, occasionally ending in death. To protect against the risk of lipoid pneumonia, an 8-hour time weighted average exposure limit of 5 mgm3 for the respirable fraction should be adopted for new fog oil. Health effects, health risks, fog oil, mineral oil, exposure standard.
- Chemical, Biological and Radiological Warfare