Nuclear Accidents in the Former Soviet Union: Kyshtym, Chelyabinsk and Chernobyl
ARMED FORCES RADIOBIOLOGY RESEARCH INST BETHESDA MD
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Three nuclear accidents besides Chernobyl have occurred in the Former Soviet Union FSU. The accidents occurred over the geographic area around Kyshtym and Chelyabinsk in the Urals between 1949 and 1967 and contaminated over half a million people. The first accident occurred in 1949-1951, the second on 29 September 1957, and the third in 1967, and involved the air transfer of irradiated sand particles. Although these accidents occurred between 25 and 43 years ago, the first official admission by the FSU was made in June 1989, and it was only during late November 1991 that the FSU declared a national disaster emergency concerning the affected area. The health ministries are now interested in data previously collected from these irradiated populations to examine health effects, including cancer, and genetic damage in humans. Data collected from these large populations and occupationally exposed workers offer a unique opportunity to quantify the adverse health effects of chronic exposure to fission products, reactor neutrons and environmental chemicals.
- Radioactivity, Radioactive Wastes and Fission Products
- Radiation Pollution and Control
- Environmental Health and Safety