Effects of Sediment Nitrogen Availability and Plant Density on Interactions Between the Growth of Hydrilla Verticillata and Potamogeton Americanus. Aquatic Plant Control Research Program.
ARMY ENGINEER WATERWAYS EXPERIMENT STATION VICKSBURG MS ENVIRONMENTAL LAB
Pagination or Media Count:
This study examines the growth of Hydrilla verticillata L.f Royle and Potamogeton americanus C. and S. on both nitrogen-poor and nitrogen-rich sediments and assesses the nature and degree of interspecific interactions between the two species. Extensive greenhouse experiments conducted from May through July 1989 employed sediments differing initially only in sediment nitrogen fertilized containers 0.21 or - 0.01 mg exchangeable N per gram dry sediment unfertilized containers 0.01 or -0.00 mg exchangeable N per gram dry sediment. Species were grown monotypically, as well as in 5050 mixtures, on each sediment type. Although shoot production did not differ between species in monoculture, shoot production in Hydrilla was diminished by 60 to 76 percent in the presence of Potamogeton. Likewise, canopy development for Hydrilla was reduced in mixtures compared to monocultures, but Potamogeton did not show a similar reduction in canopy. High sediment nitrogen increased canopy development by 50 percent in both species. Above-ground biomass for monotypically grown species was similarly low on unfertilized sediment 6 to 8 g per container. However, on fertilized sediment, aboveground biomass in Potamogeton approaching 25 g per container was significantly greater than in Hydrilla approximately 15 g per container. Aquatic plants, Macrophyte, Biomass, Nitrogen, Density, Production, Interspecific interaction, Sediment.
- Inorganic Chemistry