Accession Number:

ADA254347

Title:

ELF/VLF Generation

Descriptive Note:

Scientific rept. no. 2

Corporate Author:

ARCO POWER TECHNOLOGIES INC WASHINGTON DC

Report Date:

1991-08-31

Pagination or Media Count:

89.0

Abstract:

A preliminary analysis of the results of the ELF experimental campaigns conducted in the May - September 1990 time frame using the HIPAS transmitter in conjunction with the UCLA ELF receiver at the NOAA site and the mobile NUSC receiver is presented. Following a discussion of the critical physics issues and scalings relating to practical implementation of ionospherically generated ELF to submarine communications, the results of the two campaigns are presented. The data show conclusively that the measured ELF are low frequency signals generated by modulated ionospheric currents and not by nonlinear interference effects of the modulated HF. For the HIPAS parameters the received ELF signals are consistent with an equivalent Horizontal Magnetic Dipole HMD located at an altitude of 75 km radiating with an average dipole moment M 6x10 to the 8th power A-m sq. The maximum M value achieved during the campaign was 9x10 to the 8th power A-m sq. Results related to conversion efficiency scaling with HF polarization, low duty and painting operation, ELF frequency and ionospheric conditions, along with suggestions for future studies are also presented.

Subject Categories:

  • Atmospheric Physics
  • Radiofrequency Wave Propagation
  • Radio Communications

Distribution Statement:

APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE