A Longitudinal Evaluation of the Effects of Orthodontic Treatment on Clinical Signs and Symptoms of Temporomandibular Disorders.
AIR FORCE INST OF TECH WRIGHT-PATTERSON AFB OH
Pagination or Media Count:
Temporomandibular disorders TMD is the term officially adopted by the American Dental Association Griffiths, 1983 to denote a group of clinical problems involving the temporomandibular joints, the masticatory musculature or both McNeill, 1990, 1990a. In the past, these problems have been viewed as one encompassing syndrome, however, current research suggests that temporomandibular disorders are related, distinct disorders in the masticatory system with many common features Bell, 1982, 1990 Griffiths, 1983a. Joint sounds are the most common symptoms found in the adult populations studied epidemiologically, and masticatory muscle pain from palpation is the most common sign Helkimo, 1979 Schiffman and Fricton, 1988. The most common initial symptom for patients seeking treatment is pain in the temporomandibular joints and muscles of mastication
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