Peacemaking And Operational Art: The Israeli Experience In Operation 'Peace For Galilee '.
ARMY COMMAND AND GENERAL STAFF COLL FORT LEAVENWORTH KS SCHOOL OF ADVANCED MILITARY STUDIES
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This monograph analyzes the 1982 Israeli peacemaking operation against the Palestinian Liberation Organization in regards to current military theory. It uses operation Peace For Galilee as a case study to examine the possibility of using current operational art concepts to explain and design a peacemaking operation. The monograph first defines the terms peacemaking, operational art, and campaigns. Next it reviews the historical and strategic setting that prompted the Israeli operation. It then examines how political and military interaction drove the peacemaking campaign design, and how operational art concepts of strategic aim, endstates, centers of gravity, decisive points, lines of operation, and battle were used by Israeli military planners. It also includes an analysis of the political, strategic, operational and tactical interaction as the campaign unfolded. The monograph concludes that operational art can be used to design and explain a peacemaking operation. The Israeli Defense Forces used operational art concepts in the design and execution of the peacemaking operation. Operational art also explains peacemaking operations. Operational art alone cannot guarantee a successful peacemaking operation. Peacemaking requires international and national will as prerequisites for operational success. The military needs clearly defined political objectives to ensure that the operation accomplishes the desired political endstate. Peacemaking can be affected by personal political agendas that might not be in the best interest of the nation. Additionally, peacemaking is an extremely dangerous and complex operation--one that requires a skilled military planner who is educated in political affairs.
- Humanities and History
- Military Operations, Strategy and Tactics