U.S. Army Command and Control at the Operational Level: Where Do We Go From Here?
ARMY COMMAND AND GENERAL STAFF COLL FORT LEAVENWORTH KS SCHOOL OF ADVANCED MILITARY STUDIES
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During Operation DESERT STORM, Third U.S. Army was tasked to perform the roles of Army component command for U.S. Central Command CENTCOM, theater army for all U.S. Army forces in the Persian Gulf theater, and field army headquarters for multicorps operations. The question that faced the commander- in-chief CINC and the Army component command was how to organize the Army chain of command to fulfill these requirements. This monograph seeks to answer one aspect of the problem to determine whether or not the Army component commander should establish a field army headquarters in a theater of operations. The study concludes that the decision to use a field army and if so, when, is guided by a series of factors of commanders, ability and experience of senior leaders, and span of responsibility. Furthermore, principles such as unity of command and simplicity and factors such as mission, enemy, terrain, troops, and time METT-T provide proven readily available considerations the CINC and Army component commander can use to determine whether or not a field army should be established in a theater of operations.
- Military Forces and Organizations
- Military Operations, Strategy and Tactics