Accession Number:

ADA252565

Title:

NASA/DoD Aerospace Knowledge Diffusion Research Project, Paper One: The Value of Scientific and Technical Information (STI), Its Relationship to Research and Development (R and D), and Its Use by U.S. Aerospace Engineers and Scientists

Descriptive Note:

Corporate Author:

NATIONAL AERONAUTICS AND SPACE ADMIN LANGLEY RESEARCH CENTER HAMPTON VA

Report Date:

1990-01-19

Pagination or Media Count:

21.0

Abstract:

Viewed as a process, aerospace research and development R and D consists of three phases--idea formulation, problem solving, and invention. It is a process that is inexorably linked to the economic growth, prosperity, and technological progress of modern nations. The collective management and performance of the process affect the innovation and productivity as well as the economic competitiveness and vitality of modern nations. The nature of science and technology makes scientific and technical information STI an important function of the RD process. The communication or transfer of STI is thus central to the management of R and D activities. As Fischer 1980 points out, Not only is the communication or transfer of STI an important portion of performing R and D, it is also vital to the dissemination and application of the R and D product. Embedded in STI are knowledge and ideas that are pursued and transferred by those engineers and scientists engaged in the aerospace R and D process. The fact that, in R and D, knowledge and ideas are frequently embodied in a physical product should not detract from the realization that R and D is first and foremost an information processing and communication activity, and engineers and scientists are information processors who are constantly faced with the problem of effectively and efficiently acquiring and processing STI.

Subject Categories:

  • Administration and Management

Distribution Statement:

APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE