Accession Number:

ADA252249

Title:

Investigation of the Influence of Air Defense Artillery on Combat Pilot Suppression and Attrition Management Practices

Descriptive Note:

Final rept. Jul 1986-Jun 1989

Corporate Author:

ARMY RESEARCH INST FOR THE BEHAVIORAL AND SOCIAL SCIENCES ALEXANDRIA VA

Personal Author(s):

Report Date:

1992-05-01

Pagination or Media Count:

39.0

Abstract:

Performance under combat conditions should equal the best levels achieved under training conditions. However, wartime performance may be degraded by the suppressive psychological, indirect, or deterrent effect of enemy weapons. This report examines the effect of air defense artillery ADA on air- to-ground missions. The methodology focuses on searches of the stress-and- performance and aviation combat literature, pilot interviews, and analysis of aviation tactics. A definitional framework of the concepts of actual and virtual suppression and attrition is presented. Command-and-control attrition management practices are examined, and examples from recent and past warfare are provided. Suppression was studied from the points of view of the performance-in-dangerous environments literature and cockpit workload. Examples of air-crew reactions to air defense artillery are included, and a summary chart lists pilot and mission characteristics influencing accuracy in weapons delivery. The authors conclude that a effective ADA can indirectly affect the otherwise effective firepower of attack aircraft through attrition management-safer attack profiles to preserve pilot and aircraft resources, b high cockpit workload in a threat- rich environment can contribute to suppression of pilot performance because of task overload, and c pilot-induced practices influence pilot performance.

Subject Categories:

  • Psychology
  • Military Operations, Strategy and Tactics
  • Fire Control and Bombing Systems

Distribution Statement:

APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE