Strategic Level Leadership: Are There Two Levels of Leadership in the Army or Three?
ARMY COMMAND AND GENERAL STAFF COLL FORT LEAVENWORTH KS SCHOOL OF ADVANCED MILITARY STUDIES
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There is an ongoing discussion within the Armys leadership doctrine community which focuses on the question are there two levels of leadership or are there three Current leadership doctrine FM 22-103 Leadership and Command at Senior Levels identifies two levels of leadership direct leadership at the tactical level of war with face to face contact between leader and led. Above the tactical level, indirect leadership is practiced. Army Regulation 600-100 Army Leadership describes leadership as multi-dimensional with direct and indirect skills being applicable dependent upon the level of complexity in which the leader is working. Department of the Army Pamphlet 600-80 Executive Leadership identifies three levels of leadership. The doctrine, regulation and pamphlet are thus at odds concerning levels of leadership. This paper attempts to determine if there are different requirements for levels two and three or above the level of direct leadership. Is there a top strategic level which should be so identified
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