Development of Methodology and Technology for Identifying and Quantifying Emission Products from Open Burning and Open Detonatin Thermal Treatment Methods. Bangbox Test Series. Volume 1. Test Summary
Final rept. Dec 1988-Jan 1992
ARMY ARMAMENT MUNITIONS AND CHEMICAL COMMAND ROCK ISLAND IL
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The report addresses the gaseous and particulate sampling of TNT detonations and double-base and manufactures residue propellant burns. All trials were accomplished in an air supported building BangBox. Sampling was accomplished with real time instruments for CO2, CO, NOx, 03, and SO2 canister samplers for SF6, CO2, CO, and volatile hydrocarbons Quartz fiber filters with backup XAD-2 resin cartridges for semivolatile organics, and various instruments for size and mass of particles. For each analyte measured an emission factor was calculated by the concentration times volume of the building and by the carbon balance method. The carbon balance method is based on the conservation of carbon in the detonation or burn and thus becomes the trace element used as the basis for determining emission factors. The mass balance of carbon in the TNT detonation was established in the BangBox with CO, contributing 97 percent of the total carbon, CO carbon 0.50 percent, semivolatile and non volatile organics carbon 0.57 percent, and soot 1.7 percent. open burning open detonation OOD TNT double base propellant manufacturers residue propellant air emissions thermal treatment carbon balance emission factor.
- Solid Rocket Propellants
- Air Pollution and Control