Accession Number:

ADA250337

Title:

Anti-Environmental Warfare: Protecting the Environment during Wartime

Descriptive Note:

Final rept.

Corporate Author:

NAVAL WAR COLL NEWPORT RI DEPT OF OPERATIONS

Personal Author(s):

Report Date:

1992-06-19

Pagination or Media Count:

41.0

Abstract:

This paper analyzes the operational impact resulting from the growing legal and political concerns over the environment during wartime. Current international law and national policies are examined to determine their potential effect on Rules of Engagement, and the resulting operational impact on means and methods of warfare. As illustrated during the recent Persian Gulf War, coalition leaders will be operationally constrained by political demands to protect the environment, and to mitigate ecological destruction caused by an opposing force. These constraints will effect how offensive action is conducted against environmentally sensitive industries including nuclear, chemical and petroleum. Commanders must adhere to the current environmental policies and place more emphasis on the principles of discrimination and military necessity in selecting and striking targets. Concurrently, commanders must balance protecting the environment and the requisite minimum casualties to obtain the objectives and preserve public support. Environmental Law, Environmental Policy, Rules of Engagement, Environmental Warfare, Nuclear Industry, Chemical Industry, Petroleum Industry, Dams, Weapons, Special Forces, Media, Intelligence.

Subject Categories:

  • Military Operations, Strategy and Tactics
  • Solid Wastes and Pollution and Control

Distribution Statement:

APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE