Induced Pictorial Representations
Annual technical rept. 1 Feb 1991-31 Jan 1992,
STANFORD UNIV CA DEPT OF PSYCHOLOGY
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On many occasions, such as giving directions, spatial situations are described in words rather than depicted. In comprehending such descriptions, people form mental representations of the situation described by the discourse as well as representations of the text. This project investigates spatial mental models induced by words for large-scale and for immediate environments. The results simultaneously illucidate spatial thinking, text comprehension and text construction. The experiments using large-scale environments focus on the comprehension and production of various kinds of descriptive text. The experiments using immediate environments focus on on-line use of spatial mental models and updating under changes in point of view. New research is expanding both projects, including investigations of construction of mental models.