Accession Number:

ADA248316

Title:

Motivation and Platoon Performance at Combat Training Centers

Descriptive Note:

Final rept. Jun 1989-Jun 1991,

Corporate Author:

ARMY RESEARCH INST FOR THE BEHAVIORAL AND SOCIAL SCIENCES ALEXANDRIA VA

Personal Author(s):

Report Date:

1992-02-01

Pagination or Media Count:

30.0

Abstract:

It is widely assumed that motivation powerfully affects the quality of performance. To improve Army leadership training, soldier motivation was measured and its relation to performance was assessed. As part of a larger effort, two scales designed to assess soldier motivation were administered to soldiers of all ranks in 60 platoons from five light infantry battalions. The scales measure motivation with respect to 1 current job and 2 expectations for the impending CTC rotation. Responses obtained before CTC rotations were compared with performance at the CTCs as rated by on-site observers and by the participants themselves. Interviews obtained after rotation were analyzed for improved understanding of soldier motivation in the field and its effect on performance. Data analysis of responses by squad members indicated that the designated scales provided a useful measure of motivation and that measure shows significant positive correlation with performance ratings made by objective observers. In general, respondents at all ranks expressed positive attitudes toward their jobs and their units. Post-rotation interview data suggested a theoretical difference between basal and situational motivation. The results of this research establish that valid and meaningful measurement of soldier motivation is possible. The data presented also indicate that motivation at home station before CTC rotation affects subsequent CTC performance. An interpretation of soldier interview response may provide a basis for improvements in leadership training that will maximize motivation for effective field and training performance.

Subject Categories:

  • Psychology
  • Personnel Management and Labor Relations
  • Military Forces and Organizations

Distribution Statement:

APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE