Accession Number:

ADA244889

Title:

Integrated Models of Signals and Background for an HMM/Neural Net Ocean Acoustic Events Classifier

Descriptive Note:

Professional paper,

Corporate Author:

NAVAL OCEAN SYSTEMS CENTER SAN DIEGO CA

Personal Author(s):

Report Date:

1991-12-01

Pagination or Media Count:

7.0

Abstract:

This paper investigates the use of Hidden Markov models HMMs for the classification and detection of ocean acoustic events in a nonstationary ocean background. A statistical formalism is described for integrating models for dynamic acoustic events and ocean background into a unified statistical framework. In this framework, both signal processes and background processes are modeled as HMMs, and signal classification is performed by obtaining the likelihood of a corrupted observation sequence through a combined state space of signal and background. Techniques are presented for estimating the acoustic event model parameters from training exemplars that are observed in these difficult background conditions. Finally, a novel neural network technique is proposed for the automatic learning of the nonlinear mechanism through which signal and background observations interact. Experimental results are presented.

Subject Categories:

  • Physical and Dynamic Oceanography
  • Numerical Mathematics
  • Acoustic Detection and Detectors

Distribution Statement:

APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE