Environmental Effects of Small Arms Ranges
NAVAL CIVIL ENGINEERING LAB PORT HUENEME CA
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This report attempts to locate and evaluate information in the following general subject areas contaminant concentrations normally present at sites, normal background levels of identified contaminants, toxicity information on identified contaminants, regulatory controls and considerations, and identification and classification of small arms ranges that are controlled by the Navy. This report consists of a literature search of data and studies of environmental contamination at small arms ranges geochemical equilibria modeling to determine the fate of lead, copper, and zinc in the environment and a survey to gather information on the Navys small arms ranges. Soils in the impact and target berms have been found to have elevated levels of metals including lead, copper, and zinc, causing the soils to be classified as hazardous waste. Of these, lead is the only metal regulated by the Resource Conservation and Recovery Act. Elevated levels of metals have also been found in the soils and vegetation in large areas behind and adjacent to the target and impact berms.
- Ammunition and Explosives
- Water Pollution and Control
- Environmental Health and Safety