Evaluation of Composting Implementation: A Literature Review
Final rept. 23 Jun 1989-13 Jul 1990
BATTELLE COLUMBUS DIV OH
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A review of the literature on composting of explosives wastes was conducted to define the current state of the art to guide future and continuing composting projects to assess the general application of biotechnology, as exemplified by composting, to munitions wastes and to identify models useful in describing the performance of composting systems. Composting technology has evolved rapidly from the traditional static pilewindow system to sophisticated in-vessel systems which routinely process from 50 to 100 tonsday. Mathematical models for describing and predicting composting performance have also developed rapidly from the hyperbolic Michaelis-Menton enzyme kinetic to a more empirical engineering basis of heat flux and moisture concentration. The discovery of several species of bacteria and fungi capable of mineralizing TNT, and the development of methods for introducing and tracking introduced organisms, support the continuing and future funding of this important process for destroying organic wastes. General and specific recommendations are included.
- Agricultural Chemistry
- Ammunition and Explosives