Acoustic Impedance of Materials from Reverberation Time
NAVAL POSTGRADUATE SCHOOL MONTEREY CA
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The design of coating materials that reduce the reflection of water borne sound is an important problem in underwater acoustics. Since it is difficult to theoretically predict the complex reflection coefficient of such a material, the reflection properties must be determined experimentally. At high frequencies it is possible to measure the reflection coefficient of a slab of material by measuring the pressure after reflection of a narrow beam of sound incident at a given angle. However, this method becomes more difficult to use as the frequency of the sound is lowered. Determining the acoustic impedance of a material by measuring the standing wave pattern in an impedance tube , while the standard procedure in air borne sound, is very difficult for water born sound, because of the impossibility of approaching rigid conditions for the tube walls. Therefore it is attractive to investigate the possibility of determining the acoustic impedance of a material from measurements of the reverberation time in a water filled cavity with walls lined with the material.