Phase 2 Studies: Impacts of Commercial Navigation Traffic on Freshwater Mussels at the W.H. Zimmer Station, 1989-90 Baseline Studies
ARMY ENGINEER WATERWAYS EXPERIMENT STATION VICKSBURG MS ENVIRONMENTAL LAB
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Qualitative and quantitative baseline data were obtained at nine and six sites, respectively, at a mussel bed located on the Ohio River near the W. H. Zimmer Station, in July 1989 and September 1990. This information, in conjunction with data to be collected after the power plant has operated for at least 1 year, will be used to assess the effects of coal deliveries by barge on freshwater mussels. Total species richness 24 was similar to that at other large-river mussel beds. Average unionid density or - SD at RM 444.4 and RM 444.6 36.7 or - 45.9 14.8 individuals sq m, respectively was slightly less than typical value at similar habitats. The unionid fauna consisted almost entirely of thick-shelled species and was dominated by Pleurobema cordatum, Quadrula metanevra, and Quadrula pustulosa. The assemblage was characterized by an equitable distribution of species with no clear dominants. Corbicula fluminea 1,227.7 or - 274.2 and 915.2 or - 155.5 individuals sq m at RM 444.4 and 444.6, respectively outnumbered unionids, although there was no evidence of competition either in terms of density or biomass between native and nonnative bivalves. Population of dominant unionids consisted of large numbers of intermediate-sized individuals and moderate to low numbers of juveniles and adults. All had multiple age classes and showed evidence of moderately strong recruitment by several recent year classes.
- Hydrology, Limnology and Potamology