Accession Number:

ADA242990

Title:

The Effects of Electromagnetic Pulse (EMP) on Cardiac Pacemakers

Descriptive Note:

Final rept. Nov 88-Oct 89,

Corporate Author:

HARRY DIAMOND LABS ADELPHI MD

Personal Author(s):

Report Date:

1991-11-01

Pagination or Media Count:

74.0

Abstract:

The U.S. Army Harry Diamond Laboratories HDLs Woodbridge Research Facility WRF has conducted an investigation into the effects of electromagnetic pulse EMP on medical electronics. This report specifically documents the findings on the effects of WRFs Army EMP Simulator Operations AESOP on cardiac pacemakers CPMs. Empirical data are furnished and compared to the results of two independent analytical studies. The studies support the conclusion that damage to CPMs that might be located near the WRF boundaries is not likely. Furthermore, any upset in a CPMs operation is considered unlikely and inconsequential to the health of the CPM wearer. Cardiac pacemakers CPMs have experienced significant technological advancements over the last decade, evolving from simple and bulky pulse generators to the small and sophisticated computerized units implanted today. With the implementation of sensitive digital electronics in modern pacemaker designs, concerns have been expressed for the possibility of an increased sensitivity of CPMs to electromagnetic interference EMI. To some extent these concerns have abated to the increased awareness of the EMI problem by the manufacturers, as evident in better peacemaker designs and the decline in reported malfunctions due to EMI.

Subject Categories:

  • Medicine and Medical Research

Distribution Statement:

APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE