Accession Number:

ADA242815

Title:

Halocarbons as Halon Replacements. Volume 1. Technology Review and Initiation

Descriptive Note:

Final rept. Dec 88-May 89,

Corporate Author:

NEW MEXICO ENGINEERING RESEARCH INST ALBUQUERQUE

Report Date:

1991-03-01

Pagination or Media Count:

139.0

Abstract:

The objective of this overall project is to develop one or more alternative clean halocarbon fire extinguishing streaming agents to replace Halon 1211. In this effort a technology review was conducted and an experimental plan was prepared. Screening criteria are presented with discussions and approaches to meeting the following criteria cleanliness, toxicity, fire suppression, ozone depletion potentials ODPs, global warming potentials GWPs , physical properties, availabilitymanufacturability, cost, materials compatibility, and chemical stability. Lists of near-, medium-, and far-term candidate agents are presented. An algorithm was developed that enables prediction of atmospheric lifetimes of hydrogen-containing one-and two-carbon haloalkanes containing fluorine andor chlorine. Relationships are examined among C-H bond strength, activation energy for hydrogen abstraction by OH, reaction rate constants, tropospheric lifetimes, and ODPs. A review of existing and emerging technologies for the destruction of halocarbons is included.

Subject Categories:

  • Inorganic Chemistry
  • Safety Engineering

Distribution Statement:

APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE