Accession Number:

ADA242595

Title:

Energy Models for One-Carrier Transport in Semiconductor Devices

Descriptive Note:

Contractor rept.,

Corporate Author:

INSTITUTE FOR COMPUTER APPLICATIONS IN SCIENCE AND ENGINEERING HAMPTON VA

Personal Author(s):

Report Date:

1991-10-01

Pagination or Media Count:

29.0

Abstract:

Moment models of carrier transport, derived from the Boltzmann equation, have made possible the simulation of certain key effects through such realistic assumptions as energy dependent mobility functions. This type of global dependence permits the observation of velocity overshoot in the vicinity of device junctions, not discerned via classical drift-diffusion models, which are primarily local in nature. It has been found that a critical role is played in the hydrodynamic model by the heat conduction term. When ignored, the overshoot is inappropriately damped. When the standard choice of the Wiedemann- Franz law is made for the conductivity, spurious overshoot is observed. Agreement with Monte-Carlo simulation in this regime has required empirical modification of this law, or nonstandard choices. In this paper, simulations of the hydrodynamic model in one and two dimensions, as well as simulations of a newly developed energy model, the RT model, will be presented. The RT model, intermediate between the hydrodynamic and drift-diffusion model, was developed to eliminate the parabolic energy band and Maxwellian distribution assumptions, and to reduce the spurious overshoot with physically consistent assumptions. The algorithms employed for both models are the essentially non-oscillatory shock capturing algorithms. Some mathematical results will be presented, and contrasted with the highly developed state of the drift-diffusion model.

Subject Categories:

  • Solid State Physics

Distribution Statement:

APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE