Accession Number:

ADA242094

Title:

Junior Army Officer Retention Intentions: A Path Analytic Model

Descriptive Note:

Final rept. Jan 1989-Oct 1990

Corporate Author:

ARMY RESEARCH INST FOR THE BEHAVIORAL AND SOCIAL SCIENCES ALEXANDRIA VA

Personal Author(s):

Report Date:

1991-07-01

Pagination or Media Count:

149.0

Abstract:

This research tests a model of the determinants of retention intentions in a sample of recently commissioned 1984-1987, married, male, junior Army officers. Four variables--perceived Army career prospects, organizational identification, anticipated workfamily conflict, and years of services--were specified as direct determinants of propensity to stay in the Army. Five additional variables personbranch match, prior career orientation, current work satisfaction, operational support, and inspirational leadership were hypothesized to have indirect effects on retention, operating through their influence on career prospects and identification. The predictions of the model were largely supported. Organizational identification had strong positive effects, and workfamily conflict had strong negative effects on propensity to stay. Perceived career prospects and years of service also had significant, although smaller, positive effects. In combination, the direct determinants accounted for half of the variance in the dependent variable. Of the four antecedent variables predicted to influence Army career prospects, three had significant path coefficients branch match, work satisfaction, and operational support received. All three variables hypothesized to affect organizational identification were significant prior orientation toward a military career, operational support, and inspirational leadership, but they explained little 18 of the variance in identification.

Subject Categories:

  • Personnel Management and Labor Relations

Distribution Statement:

APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE