Accession Number:

ADA242033

Title:

Upper Body Exercise: Physiology and Training Application for Human Presence in Space

Descriptive Note:

Corporate Author:

ARMY RESEARCH INST OF ENVIRONMENTAL MEDICINE NATICK MA

Personal Author(s):

Report Date:

1991-07-01

Pagination or Media Count:

21.0

Abstract:

In the weightless state astronauts do a substantial amount of work with their arms and hands. Upper body exercise elicits a peak oxygen uptake approximately 70 of that obtained during lower body exercise in addition, upper body exercise requires a greater oxygen uptake at a given power output than low body exercise. Therefore, when performing exercise at a given power output, both the absolute and relative exercise intensity is greater during upper body exercise. Although cardiac output responses for a given oxygen uptake are similar, the heart rate, blood pressure and total peripheral resistance responses are greater, and the stroke volume responses are lower at a given oxygen uptake during upper than lower body exercise. Body temperature responses to both exercise type are similar, but the temperature are achieved by different heat exchange mechanisms. During upper body exercise, there is a greater reliance on torso dry heat loss for temperature regulation. Exercise training programs can improve aerobic exercise capabilities for the upper body, but there are minimal cross-training benefits between the arms and legs. Space physiologists and engineers in the manned space program should consider the unique physiology associated with upper body exercise

Subject Categories:

  • Personnel Management and Labor Relations
  • Stress Physiology
  • Manned Spacecraft

Distribution Statement:

APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE