Accession Number:

ADA239913

Title:

Low Prevalence of HIV Infection in Djibouti - Has the AIDS Epidemic Come to a Stop at the Horn of Africa?

Descriptive Note:

Corporate Author:

NAVAL MEDICAL RESEARCH UNIT NO 3 FPO NEW YORK 09527

Report Date:

1989-01-01

Pagination or Media Count:

7.0

Abstract:

To determine if the HIV-epidemic had reached Djibouti by autumn 1987, we investigated 645 subjects belonging to various risk groups 150 were patients with a disease compatible with acquired immune deficiency or with a mycobacterial infection, 115 were young males having a sexually transmitted disease, 295 were female prostitutes, and 69 were villagers from a rural area the remaining 16 belonged to other groups. All subjects answered an epidemiological questionnaire and had their serum tested for evidence of HIV antibodies. Eight sera were HIV-antibody positive by both ELISA and Western blot. Of these, 2 were from young mem while 6 were from young women who admitted to prostitution. This accounts for an HIV seropositivity rate of 2.01.6 in the prostitute population. Also, one antibody-positive subject was positive for circulating HIV antigen. Seven of the seropositive individuals had no general complaints or abnormal clinical signs. The eighth subject was a 28 year old man in hospital for pneumonia.

Subject Categories:

  • Medicine and Medical Research

Distribution Statement:

APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE