US Japan Workshop. Smart/Intelligent Materials and Systems, Held in Honolulu, Hawaii on March 19-23, 1990
Final rept. 22 Jan 90-21 Jan 91,
HAWAII UNIV HONOLULU
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The topic of this workshop embodies an area of materials science important to all defense and civilian sectors of society. The emerging science of smartintelligent materials and systems is expected to lead to radically new and novel structures which will have capabilities for sensing and responding to external stimuli imposed upon them. Such systems may also be able to identify and assess damage and take appropriate action to repair it, or isolate the damaged part without impairing the normal functioning of the system. Despite these workshops, the concept of smartintelligent materials and systems has remained somewhat undefined. As yet even the terms such as smart, intelligent or adaptive are being used loosely, and interchangeably. There has been no real consensus on the technical definitions of these terms. The Army Research Office, therefore, decided to organize this workshop in which active workers in the field from the U.S., Japan, and Europe were invited to address the following objectives 1 clarify the basic concepts of the smartintelligent materials and systems and reach some consensus on the terminology to be used in the future 2 develop some guiding principles for the design and fabrication of such materials and systems and 3 discuss some of the on-going work at the various laboratories worldwide.