Some Personality Characteristics of Air Traffic Control Specialist Trainees: Interactions of Personality and Aptitude Test Scores with FAA Academy Success and Career Expectations
FEDERAL AVIATION ADMINISTRATION WASHINGTON DC OFFICE OF AVIATION MEDICINE
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The State-Trait Personality Inventory STPI is a self-report inventory which measures anxiety, curiosity, and anger. The three trait scale scores are determined by the frequency of each emotion as stable personality constructs. The Multiplex Controller Aptitude Test MCAT is the primary selection test completed by ATCS applicants. The STPI was given to 1,284 students who entered the FAA Academy nonradar screen program between October 1986 and September 1987. Men and women ATCS trainees exhibited less anxiety and anger than normative groups of college students and Navy recruits. Also, in most comparisons, the ATCS sample indicated greater curiosity. ATCS pass rates were reduced within each MCAT score level for the groups of entrants with anxiety or anger scores above the normative levels. Personality trait profiles differed significantly for groups when they were categorized by both self-expected job performance levels and job satisfaction, but not aptitude score levels. Analyses indicated significant relationships between anxiety and lower job performance self-expectations and between curiosity and higher self-expected job satisfaction. FAA Academy entrants have a group profile indicating relatively low levels of trait anxiety and anger. Personality factors can impact a the predictive validity of the MCAT in determining a students aptitude for learning air traffic control principlesprocedures and b potentially, organizational goals such as increasing employee job satisfaction.
- Personnel Management and Labor Relations