Accession Number:

ADA237540

Title:

Predicting Performance Breakdown in Pilots Through Objective Measures of Stress Sensitivity: Final Report

Descriptive Note:

Rept. for Oct 88-Oct 90,

Corporate Author:

READING UNIV (UNITED KINGDOM)

Personal Author(s):

Report Date:

1991-04-01

Pagination or Media Count:

56.0

Abstract:

It is well known that stress can have an adverse effect on performance and that individual differences in responses to stress are varied. This research explores the potential of developing an objective measure of stress resistance and the possibility of developing a laboratory model of the effects of stress on performance. The paradigm developed reveals that 1 emotional stimuli disrupt performance, 2 the disruption is exacerbated by time pressure and task difficulty, 3 repetition of the emotional stimuli habituation eliminates the disruptive effect, 4 it is not the emotionality of the stimulus, but rather the threat component that is critical to the disruptive effect. These results parallel effects in everyday life and suggest that the paradigm shows great promise for developing a measure of stress resistance and a laboratory model of the effects of stress.

Subject Categories:

  • Psychology

Distribution Statement:

APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE