Accession Number:

ADA232719

Title:

Stochastic and Centrifuge Modelling of Jointed Rock. Volume 3. Stochastic and Topological Fracture Geometry Model

Descriptive Note:

Final rept. Jun 1987-May 1990

Corporate Author:

MASSACHUSETTS INST OF TECH CAMBRIDGE DEPT OF CIVIL ENGINEERING

Report Date:

1990-08-31

Pagination or Media Count:

307.0

Abstract:

A hierarchical model is developed to represent the geometry of fracture sets. The most important characteristics of this model are the possibility to model sequential fracture genesis as it usually occurs in nature, and to model clustering. This model uses the inhomogeneous or the doubly stochastic Cox point process model to represent the midpoints of the primary set. In a second step, the fracture trace lengths of the primary set are modelled. This is done using Maximum Likelihood Estimates MLE of the observed data. In a third step, the secondary set is considered in particular the independencedependence of the two sets. The correlation of location with trace length is considered with the line-kernel function methods and the nearest neighbor fiber distance method. The hierarchical model has been applied to two cases in which detailed fracture patterns have been observed, one with a single set and one with two sets. The validity of the model was checked by visual comparison between model prediction and mapped patterns and most importantly, by statistical tests such as the second-moment analysis and the Monte Carlo test. A satisfactory fit of the predicted pattern was obtained in both cases.

Subject Categories:

  • Geology, Geochemistry and Mineralogy

Distribution Statement:

APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE